Orsa Besparingsskog

The income from Orsa besparingsskog built the modern Orsa.

Orsakarlar vid avverkning i Dovänget, nordväst om Untorp 1911-14 

Lumberjacks at an logging at Dovänget, north-west from Untorp in the beginning of the 20th century.

Few areas were so fragmented as the forests in Orsa. The lots had been divided by inheritance for ages and the forest properties shrank each time.

In Orsa, a landreform was made in the years 1859 to 1884. In connection with this, Orsa Besparingsskog was formed with 53,000 hectares, where the Orsa farmers agreed to set aside a third of all forest for joint use. Every landowner who had a forest set aside for the savings forest received shares in it in the form of land numbers. The return would go back to the landowners in the form of grants for forestry and purposes that benefited the development of the area.

When, after the big shift, they began to cut down the jointly owned forest, Orsa became a wealthy municipality. The total income from the disforestation was about SEK 150 million and between 1886 and 1933 the people of Orsa paid no municipal tax thanks to Orsa Besparingsskog. When the disforestation were at their greatest, 6,000 people and 3,000 horses worked to fell and extract the timber from the forest. Orsa Besparingsskog became a strong and influential organization that in the late 1800s and until the mid-1950s built schools, courthouses, industries and old people's homes.

Senast uppdaterad: 24 januari 2024